According to the United States National Institute of Aging, dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning—thinking, remembering, and reasoning—and behavioural abilities to such an extent that it interferes with a person's daily life and activities.
These functions include memory, language skills, visual perception, problem solving, self-management, and the ability to focus and pay attention.
Here are 8 facts about dementia:
1. World Health Organization cites that dementia affects 50 million people worldwide where 10 million news cases are reported each year.
2. The frequency of dementia range from two per cent to 20 per cent. It doubles with every five years increase in age in those over aged 65. More than half of the patients with dementia have Alzheimer s disease.
3.Risk groups for dementia are those with uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart disease and high cholesterol level, patients with Parkinson’s disease and people with lower intelligence or education.
4.Some of the symptoms of dementia are forgetfulness, difficulties with familiar activities, difficulties in remembering simple words and expressing themselves, repeating of words, getting lost in familiar streets, impaired judgment, misplacing things or leaving things behind and sudden mood swings, often without a known cause.
5. You can try the Symptom of Dementia Screener to find out whether any of your family members are likely to have dementia.
6. If dementia is not recognised early these consequences may occur: increase in medical and psychiatric illness, increase in mortality rates, early institutionalisation, physical and psychiatric illness in the caregivers and abuse of the patients.
7. There is no cure presently for dementia, but education and support for patients and caregivers can help towards improving some symptoms.
8. New research has found that intellectually stimulating activities such as playing chess, reading and so on, may reduce the risk of dementia. Living a healthy lifestyle can also reduce the risk of developing dementia.
Source: MyHealth Portal
By Siti Radziah Hamzah
KUALA LUMPUR (Bernama) -- Imagine how you would feel if you wake up one morning in the house you have lived with your family for about 30 years and you are not able to recognise your surroundings. You look at the mirror and ask yourself, “Who am I, where am I?”
This is one of many symptoms indicating that you may have dementia, a debilitating disease that takes away the ability to retain memory, think clearly, behave normally and perform everyday activities.
Dementia is an increasingly common disease affecting ageing populations in especially low- and middle-income countries where access to social protection, services, support and care is limited.read more ››
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